One problem that comes up when discussing climate change is that non-Western peoples may want to achieve the so-called Western standard of living. The most prevalent example is meat consumption, but others (cars per household, etc.) exist as well.
Foremost, this points to cargo culting (the mimicry of behavior without understanding of its ontology/internals, and especially in a way that is doomed to produce no useful result). The cargo culting here extends to the West’s own desire to perpetuate its current consumption patterns (e.g., via the American Dream). Divorce standard of living from standards of consumption, and what remains?
Quite a lot, actually. The principles of the standard of living have much less to do with consumption and much more to do with stability, opportunity, etc.
Let’s look at the bucket list meme. The idea that you will die, and that you should do some set of things before that happens. That set is colloquially your bucket list: things to do before you kick the bucket. What should this portion of a standard of living look like?
Eat ten thousand (more) hamburgers? Win the lottery? Be elected to the office of President? Learn alchemy? Can we separate consumption-based goals from non-consumption goals? Or is the entirety of what is to be found in a bucket list consumption-based?
There are obviously a finite number of lotteries, elections, etc. Even for a pilgrimage destination as big as the Grand Canyon, could we ever deliver close to a majority of people to that destination (sustainably)?
Again, it seems like, cargo culting. That what we’re after is maybe happiness or maybe something else, but not consumption. That we need not have two automobiles per family to meet what we think of as a Western standard of living, but instead we may need to provide adequate opportunities in education, leisure, travel, etc.
The latter can be sustainable.
I sincerely hope that the Western standard of living isn’t so shallow as to require a certain amount of meat consumption, for example. Protein consumption? Maybe. But we can and should meet that standard through means other than meat where we can, especially in lightening the ecological load.
So yes, we should export the standards of reliable supplies of food and potable water. Education? Undoubtedly. But for many other pieces that get lumped into the American Dream, not only should we not export them to the developing world, we should excise them from our own daily lives.
Atop the ironies of exporting the Western standard of living, particularly that of the USA, is that our standard isn’t as high as it should be. We’re currently seeing the results of one effort to reform health care in the USA. But we have far to go on that front. Hopefully developing nations will adopt more useful metrics for how they live, and these can be imported into the West as they develop.